Gold was first discovered in the area up Buckskin Gulch. Buckskin Joe was the first town site in the area. Many hard rock mines were opened on Mts. Bross, Lincoln, and Democrat. In the early 1870’s the population of the area referred to as the Mosquito Range Mining District was approximately 10,000 people. The Boston Colorado Smelting Company and the Fanny Barrett Smelting Company both set up smelting operations. The camp around the smelters became very populated. On December 2, 1873 a group of smelter employees petitioned the Park County Commissioners for incorporation as a town. The Town of Alma, named after the grocery store owner’s daughter, held its first “Town” meeting on December 4, 1873.
The town meeting minutes from that first meeting in 1873 until July, 1881 can be found in Town Hall. The minutes are hand written in true calligraphy style. W.C. Morgan served as the first mayor. One of the first projects of the town was to build a calaboose (jail). The minutes reflect the personality of the inhabitants.